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Effect of Direct-Acting Antiviral Drugs on Erectile Functions among Hepatitis C Patients: A Prospective Interventional Study

Author(s):

Mohamed Alhefnawy, Ahmed Mohey, Ahmed Fathi, Ahmed Mansour, Sherief Abd-Elsalam*, Ahmed Eissa, Ayman Hagras, Stefano Puliatti and Khaled Almekaty   Pages 1 - 8 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Background & Objective: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is one of the extrahepatic manifestations of hepatitis C virus infection that greatly affects patients’ quality of life. Unfortunately, some of the drugs used for HCV treatment may have a negative impact on the patient’s erectile function, such as the pegylated interferon. Currently, with the introduction of direct-acting antiviral drugs, there is scarce data in the literature about its potential impact on erectile function. In these settings, we aimed to assess the impact of sofosbuvir-based therapy on male erectile function.

Methods: This prospective interventional study was carried out in Benha University hospitals between January 2019 and May 2020. The study included all consecutive HCV patients with simultaneous ED coming to the hepatology outpatient clinic. Patients were divided into a study group who received sofosbuvir-based therapy (group A) or a control group who received silymarin therapy (group B). The International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5) was used for the assessment of erectile function at different time points (pretreatment, 6 months, and 12 months after treatment). Different variables in both groups have been statistically analyzed.

Results: Overall, 75 patients who received sofosbuvir-based therapy and a control group (n = 35) matched for age and pretreatment variables (Child–Turcotte–Pugh score and Fibrosis‐4 score). There was no significant difference between both groups in the pretreatment data. On the other hand, the posttreatment IIEF-5 was significantly higher in the sofosbuvir arm compared to the silymarin arm both at six months (p<0.001) and at 12 months (p<0.001). Furthermore, the age and the stage of liver fibrosis were negatively correlated with IIEF-5 at all-time points.

Conclusion: The age and the stage of liver fibrosis are significantly correlated with the degree of ED. Furthermore, sofosbuvir-based therapy may be associated with significant improvement in patients with erectile function.

Keywords:

Hepatitis C virus, Sofosbuvir, andrology, sexual dysfunction, erectile dysfunction, silymarin.

Affiliation:

Urology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Benha, Urology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Benha, Urology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Benha, Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Benha, Tropical Medicine and Infectious Diseases Department, Tanta University, Tanta, Urology Department; Faculty of Medicine; Tanta University; Tanta, Urology Department; Faculty of Medicine; Tanta University; Tanta, Urology Department, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Urology Department; Faculty of Medicine; Tanta University; Tanta



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