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Hidden Hunger of Vitamin E Among Healthy College Students: A Cross- Sectional Study

[ Vol. 21 , Issue. 6 ]

Author(s):

Zhongqi Wan, Li Wang, Yinyang Xu, Yuanyuan Wang, Tianyou Zhang, Xinlan Mao, Qiao Li, Yangzhi Zhu, Ming Zhou* and Zhong Li*   Pages 1025 - 1030 ( 6 )

Abstract:


Background: College students may have a risk of fat-soluble vitamin deficiencies due to unhealthy dietary habits, especially for vitamin A and E. They are important members of the human antioxidant network; deficiencies of these vitamins may increase the risk of many critical diseases.

Objective: The current study was undertaken to determine the status of vitamin A and E in college students.

Methods: Healthy college students were recruited, and fasting blood samples of them were collected and used for determining serum levels of retinol and α-tocopherol by the HPLC method.

Results: We found that there was no vitamin A deficiency in college students. However, vitamin E deficiency existed in 34.5% of college students, especially in males. All the students had no vitamin E adequacy. In addition, our findings showed that BMI was inversely associated with serum α-- tocopherol, but not serum retinol.

Conclusion: These results suggest that vitamin E deficiency in college students should be given more attention, and it is necessary to consider using vitamin E supplements.

Keywords:

Hidden hunger, fat-soluble vitamins, vitamin A, vitamin E, BMI, college students.

Affiliation:

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Key Laboratory of Modern Toxicology of Ministry of Education, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing



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