Lavanya Choppavarapu and Sibin M. Kandi* Pages 195 - 202 ( 8 )
Glioma comprises of a group of heterogeneous brain tumors originating from glial cells. Primary glioblastoma is among the most common glial cells that have a characteristic clinical and molecular profile. Advancement in the field of cancer research and inventions of various clinical methodologies could not improve the median survival of this deadly tumor from 12 months. The development of a non-invasive prognostic biomarker in blood would be a revolution in the diagnosis and therapeutic monitoring of this tumor. Extracellular vesicles (Evs) are released from the tumor microenvironment into the blood, which contains the genetic material that represents the genetics of tumor cells. It is also seen that these Evs contain a variety of RNA populations, including miRNAs. Several studies identified that circulating cell-free miRNAs, either free or present in Evs, could be considered as a potential biomarker in early diagnosis and prognosis of glioblastoma. Micro RNA studies in glioblastoma have found to be promising, as it reveals the biological pathway behind pathogenesis and helps in predicting the treatment targets. The literature says that various treatment methods change the type and quantity of miRNAs in biological fluids, which can be used to monitor the therapy. This review paper focuses on the role of circulating miRNAs as potential biomarkers in the diagnosis and clinical management of glioma patients.
Glioblastoma, circulatory miRNA, diagnosis, biomarker, glioma, review.
University of Texas Health Science Centre, San Antonio, Texas, Department of Biochemistry, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra