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Roux-en-Y Gastrointestinal Bypass Promotes Activation of TGR 5 and Peptide YY

[ Vol. 20 , Issue. 8 ]

Author(s):

Haojun Yang, Hanyang Liu, YuWen Jiao and Jun Qian*   Pages 1262 - 1267 ( 6 )

Abstract:


Background: G protein-coupled bile acid receptor (TGR5) is involved in a number of metabolic diseases. The aim of this study was to identify the role of TGR5 after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (GBP).

Methods: Wild type and TGR5 knockout mice (tgr5-/-) were fed a high-fat diet (HFD) to establish the obesity model. GBP was performed. The changes in body weight and food intake were measured. The levels of TGR5 and peptide YY (PYY) were evaluated by RT-PCR, Western blot, and ELISA. Moreover, the L-cells were separated from wild type and tgr5-/- mice. The levels of PYY in L-cells were evaluated by ELISA.

Results: The body weights were significantly decreased after GBP in wild type mice (p<0.05), but not tgr5-/- mice (p>0.05). Food intake was reduced after GBP in wild type mice, but also not significantly affected in tgr5-/- mice (p>0.05). The levels of PYY were significantly increased after GBP compared with the sham group (p<0.05); however, in tgr5-/- mice the expression of PYY was not significantly affected (p>0.05). After INT-777 stimulation in L-cells obtained from murine intestines, the levels of PYY were significantly increased in L-cells tgr5+/+ (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Our study suggests that GBP up-regulated the expression of TGR5 in murine intestines, and increased the levels of PYY, which further reduced food intake and decreased the body weight.

Keywords:

Roux-en-Y, gastrointestinal bypass, obesity, TGR5, PYY, high-fat diet.

Affiliation:

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Nanjing Medical University Affiliated Changzhou No. 2 People’s Hospital, Changzhou, 213000, Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Nanjing Medical University Affiliated Changzhou No. 2 People’s Hospital, Changzhou, 213000, Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Nanjing Medical University Affiliated Changzhou No. 2 People’s Hospital, Changzhou, 213000, Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Nanjing Medical University Affiliated Changzhou No. 2 People’s Hospital, Changzhou, 213000



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