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The Role of Interferences in the Increasing Incidence of Vitamin D Deficiency

[ Vol. 20 , Issue. 8 ]

Author(s):

Ataman Gonel*, Idris Kirhan, Ismail Koyuncu, Nihayet Bayraktar, Mujgan Ercan Karadag and Mehmet Karadag   Pages 1303 - 1308 ( 6 )

Abstract:


Objective: Lipemia is one of the causes of interference in immunoassay and LC-MS/MS methods. Increased prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the US, where obesity is gradually increasing, raises the suspicion that high levels of fat diet and blood lipid levels interfere with vitamin D measurement results. The focus of this study was to investigate the effect of blood lipid profiles on vitamin D results and prevent the matrix effect.

Material and Methods: In this study, 25OH vitamin D3 (25OHD3) levels of 100 samples consecutively accepted to biochemistry laboratory regardless of age and sex were measured by the LC-MS/MS method, and each sample was restudied after 1/10 dilution. After dilution restudy, two groups were obtained-group 1 (results deviating below 20%) and group 2 (results deviating above 20%)—and the difference between the groups was investigated. There were 79 patients in group 1 and 21 patients in group 2. In our study, lipid profiles (triglyceride, total cholesterol, HDL, LDL) from the same samples of consecutive vitamin D patients were studied.

Results: It was observed that the triglyceride, total cholesterol HDL, LDL, and 25OHD3 measurements of group 1 and group 2 were similar (p > 0.05). While the mean vitamin D value in the second group was 9.94 ± 7.85, the mean vitamin D value after dilution was measured as 39.23 ± 18.13 and was statistically significant. 25OHD3 concentrations of 21 patients out of 100 were found to be falsely low. Measurements were repeated to confirm the results.

Conclusion: The matrix effect caused by exogenous and endogenous interferences in the blood could be a hidden factor increasing the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency by causing falsely low 25OHD3 values. Suspicious results should be remeasured by a dilution study.

Keywords:

25OHD3, mismeasurement, LC-MS/MS, matrix effect, dilution, false result.

Affiliation:

Department of Biochemistry, Harran University, Faculty of Medicine, Sanliurfa, Department of Internal Medicine, Harran University, Faculty of Medicine, Sanliurfa, Department of Biochemistry, Harran University, Faculty of Medicine, Sanliurfa, Department of Biochemistry, Harran University, Faculty of Medicine, Sanliurfa, Department of Biochemistry, Harran University, Faculty of Medicine, Sanliurfa, 3Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Mustafa Kemal University, Faculty of Medicine, Hatay



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