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Elevated Serum Levels of Ischemia Modified Albumin and Malondialdehyde are Related to Atherogenic Index of Plasma in a Cohort of Prediabetes

[ Vol. 20 , Issue. 8 ]

Author(s):

Mervat M. El-Eshmawy*, Doaa F. Gad and Azza A. El-Baiomy   Pages 1347 - 1354 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Background: Prediabetes, defined as impaired glucose tolerance and/or impaired fasting glucose, is a risk factor for future type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality. High serum levels of ischemia modified albumin (IMA) and malondialdehyde (MDA) as oxidative stress markers were determined in diabetes, however, no studies have investigated these markers together in prediabetes. The aim of the present study was to investigate the circulating levels of both IMA and MDA in a cohort of prediabetic adults. The possible associations between both markers and the atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) were also evaluated.

Methods: This study enrolled 100 adults with prediabetes and 50 healthy controls matched for age and sex. Anthropometric measurements, fasting and 2-hour post load glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin (A1c), lipids profile, fasting insulin, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), AIP, IMA and MDA were assessed.

Results: IMA, MDA, hs-CRP and AIP were significantly higher in adults with prediabetes than in healthy controls. Male gender, fasting and post load glucose, A1c, fasting insulin, TGs, HDL-C, hs- CRP, AIP and MDA were independent predictor variables of IMA, whereas male gender, WC, fasting and post load glucose, A1c, fasting insulin, TC, TGs, LDL-C, HDL-C, hs-CRP and AIP were independent predictor variables of MDA.

Conclusion: The elevation of IMA concomitantly with MDA reflecting the antioxidant status in prediabetes, and their associations with hs-CRP and AIP should reinforce the idea of screening and treatment of prediabetes.

Keywords:

Oxidative stress, ischemia modified albumin, malondialdehyde, atherogenic index of plasma, high sensitivity Creactive protein, prediabetes.

Affiliation:

Internal Medicine Department, Mansoura Specialized Medical Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Internal Medicine Department, Mansoura Specialized Medical Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Clinical Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura



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