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Pathogenic Mechanisms and Therapeutic Implication in Nickel-induced Cell Damage

[ Vol. 20 , Issue. 7 ]

Author(s):

Ahmad Salimi*, Zhaleh Jamali, Saman Atashbar, Saleh Khezri, Amir M. Ghorbanpour and Nahid Etefaghi   Pages 968 - 984 ( 17 )

Abstract:


Background: Nickel (Ni) is mostly applied in a number of industrial areas such as printing inks, welding, alloys, electronics and electrical professions. Occupational or environmental exposure to nickel may lead to cancer, allergy reaction, nephrotoxicity, hepatotoxicity, neurotoxicity, as well as cell damage, apoptosis and oxidative stress.

Methods: In here, we focused on published studies about cell death, carcinogenicity, allergy reactions and neurotoxicity, and promising agents for the prevention and treatment of the toxicity by Ni.

Results: Our review showed that in the last few years, more researches have focused on reactive oxygen species formation, oxidative stress, DNA damages, apoptosis, interaction with involving receptors in allergy and mitochondrial damages in neuron induced by Ni.

Conclusion: The collected data in this paper provide useful information about the main toxicities induced by Ni, also, their fundamental mechanisms, and how to discover new ameliorative agents for prevention and treatment by reviewing agents with protective and therapeutic consequences on Ni induced toxicity.

Keywords:

Nickel, cell death, carcinogenicity, allergy reactions, neurotoxicity, mechanisms.

Affiliation:

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Student Research Committee, School of Medicine, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil



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