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Effect on Adipose Tissue of Diabetic Mice Supplemented with n-3 Fatty Acids Extracted from Microalgae

[ Vol. 20 , Issue. 5 ]

Author(s):

Laura E. Gutiérrez-Pliego, Beatriz E. Martínez-Carrillo, Aldo A. Reséndiz-Albor and Roxana Valdés-Ramos*   Pages 728 - 735 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Background: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is considered a chronic noncommunicable disease in which oxidative stress is expected as a result of hyperglycaemia. One of the most recent approaches is the study of microalgae fatty acids and their possible antioxidant effect.

Objective: This study aimed to analyse the effect of supplementation with n-3 fatty acids extracted from microalgae on the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and lipid peroxidation of adipose tissue and plasma from diabetic (db/db) and healthy (CD1) mice.

Methods: Mice were supplemented with lyophilized n-3 fatty acids extracted from microalgae or added to the diet, from week 8 to 16. TAC assay and Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances assay (TBARS) were performed on adipose tissue and plasma samples.

Results: The supplementation of lyophilized n-3 fatty acids from microalgae increased the total antioxidant capacity in adipose tissue of diabetic mice (615.67μM Trolox equivalents vs 405.02μM Trolox equivalents from control mice, p<0.01) and in the plasma of healthy mice (1132.97±85.75μM Trolox equivalents vs 930.64±32μM Trolox equivalents from modified diet mice, p<0.01). There was no significant effect on lipid peroxidation on both strains.

Conclusion: The use of n-3 fatty acids extracted from microalgae could be a useful strategy to improve total antioxidant capacity in T2DM.

Keywords:

n-3 fatty acids, microalgae, antioxidant, lipid peroxidation, diabetes, adipose tissue.

Affiliation:

School of Medicine, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de México, Paseo Tollocan y Venustiano Carranza s/n, Col. Moderna de la Cruz, 50180 Toluca, State of Mexico, School of Medicine, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de México, Paseo Tollocan y Venustiano Carranza s/n, Col. Moderna de la Cruz, 50180 Toluca, State of Mexico, Laboratory of Mucosal Immunity, Research and Graduate Section, Superior School of Medicine, Instituto Politecnico Nacional. Av. Plan de San Luis s/n, Col. Casco de Santo Tomas, Miguel Hidalgo 11350, Mexico City, School of Medicine, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de México, Paseo Tollocan y Venustiano Carranza s/n, Col. Moderna de la Cruz, 50180 Toluca, State of Mexico

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