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The Treatment of Prednisone in Mild Diabetic Rats: Biochemical Parameters and Cell Response

Author(s):

Mariana Pirani Rocha Machado, Aline Zanatta Schavinski, Amanda Lima Deluque, Gustavo Tadeu Volpato and Kleber Eduardo Campos*   Pages 1 - 9 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: Limited studies have been carried out with PRED treatment by glucose intolerant individuals, even this model the animals presented low blood glucose levels at adulthood, by the high regenerative capacity of β-cell.

Objective: The aim was to evaluate the effects of treatment of prednisone (PRED) in mild diabetes on biochemical and immunological biomarkers.

Method: Rats were randomly divided into four groups: control (C), treated control C+PRED (treatment of 1.25 mg/Kg/day PRED); diabetic DM (mild diabetes) and treated diabetic DM+PRED (treatment with same dose as C+PRED group). Untreated groups received vehicle, adjusted volume to body weight. The treatment lasted 21 days and measured body weight, food and water intake, and glycemia weekly. In the 3rd week, the Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) and the Insulin Tolerance Test (ITT) was performed. On the last day, the rats were killed and the blood was collected for biochemical analyzes, leukogram and immunoglobulin G levels.

Results: There was a significant decrease in body weight in mild diabetes; however, the treatment in diabetic groups increased food intake, glycemia, and the number of total leukocytes, lymphocytes and neutrophils. On the other hand, it decreased the levels of triglycerides, high-density and very low-density lipoproteins. In addition, diabetic groups showed glucose intolerance and mild insulin resistance, confirming that this model induces glucose intolerant in adult life.

Conclusion: The results showed that the use of prednisone is not recommended to glucose intolerant individuals and should be replaced in order not to aggravate this condition.

Keywords:

Diabetes, Glucocorticoids, Glycometabolism, Immunosuppressant, Lipometabolism, Prednisone

Affiliation:

Postgraduate Program in Pharmacology and Biotechnology, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Institute of Biosciences, Botucatu-SP, Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Laboratory of System Physiology and Reproductive Toxicology, Institute of Biological Sciences and Health, Federal University of Mato Grosso (UFMT), Barra do Garças, Mato Grosso, Laboratory of System Physiology and Reproductive Toxicology, Institute of Biological Sciences and Health, Federal University of Mato Grosso (UFMT), Barra do Garças, Mato Grosso



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