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Caveolin-1 Regulates CCL5 and PPARγ Expression in Nthy-ori 3-1 Cells: Possible Involvement of Caveolin-1 and CCL5 in the Pathogenesis of Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis

[ Vol. 20 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Baocui Liu, Tingting Zheng, Liyang Dong, Chaoming Mao*, Chengcheng Xu, Xiao Mou, Xuan Luo, Qingyan Lu, Xin Dong, Jiameng Liu, Ping Kang, Chao Ding, Yichuan Xiao and Peng Jiang*   Pages 609 - 618 ( 10 )

Abstract:


Background: Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT) is characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of the thyroid parenchyma, which ultimately leads to tissue destruction and loss of function. Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) is an essential structural constituent of lipid rafts in the plasma membrane of cells and is reported to be significantly reduced in thyrocytes from HT patients. However, the mechanism of Cav-1 involvement in HT pathogenesis is still largely unclear.

Methods: Cav-1 expression in thyroid tissues from HT patients and euthyroid nodular goiter tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry staining. Cav-1 knockdown and overexpression were constructed by lentiviral transfection in the human thyroid follicular epithelial cell (TFC) line of Nthy-ori 3-1. The mRNA expression levels of chemokines in TFCs were determined by quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR). Cav-1 and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) levels were analysed by qPCR and Western blot analysis. The migration ability of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) was detected by the Transwell assay.

Results: In this study, Cav-1 and PPARγ expression was reduced in the thyroid tissues from HT patients. In vitro experiments showed that the expressions of chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 5 (CCL5) and migration of PBMCs were markedly increased, while the level of PPARγ was significantly decreased after the lentivirus-mediated knockdown of Cav-1 in Nthy-ori 3-1 cells. Interestingly, pioglitazone, a PPARγ agonist, not only upregulated PPARγ and Cav-1 proteins significantly, but also effectively reversed the Cav-1-knockdown-induced upregulation of CCL5 in Nthy-ori 3-1 cells and reduced the infiltration of lymphocytes.

Conclusion: The inhibition of Cav-1 upregulated the CCL5 expression and downregulated the PPARγ expression in TFC while pioglitazone, a PPARγ agonist, reversed the detrimental consequence. This outcome might be a potential target for the treatment of lymphocyte infiltration into the thyroid gland and HT development.

Keywords:

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, Cav-1, Chemokine, CCL5, PPARγ, Pioglitazone

Affiliation:

Department of Nuclear Medicine, The Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Department of Nuclear Medicine, The Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Department of Nuclear Medicine, The Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Department of Nuclear Medicine, The Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Department of Nuclear Medicine, The Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Department of Nuclear Medicine, The Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Department of Nuclear Medicine, The Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Department of Nuclear Medicine, The Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Department of Nuclear Medicine, The Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Department of Nuclear Medicine, The Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Department of Nuclear Medicine, The Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Department of Nuclear Medicine, The Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Department of Nuclear Medicine, The Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Department of Anesthesiology, The Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang

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