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The Effects of 8 Weeks of Levothyroxine Replacement Treatment on Metabolic and Anthropometric Indices of Insulin Resistance in Hypothyroid Patients

[ Vol. 20 , Issue. 5 ]

Author(s):

Roya Pasandideh, Seyed M. Hosseini*, Gholamreza Veghari and Sharebeh Hezarkhani   Pages 745 - 752 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Background: Insulin resistance (IR) is an independent cardiovascular risk factor. IR predisposes to metabolic syndrome and diabetes. Meanwhile, little evidence exists about the effect of levothyroxine replacement treatment (LRT) on IR in hypothyroid patients.

Objective: To investigate metabolic and anthropometric indices of IR in hypothyroid patients before and after 8 weeks of LRT.

Methods: This pre-post study evaluated the 8 weeks outcomes of LRT on 66 patients with recently diagnosed hypothyroidism. Outcome measures included body mass index (BMI), waist circumferences (WC), waist to hip ratio (WHR), waist to height ratio (WHtR), body fat percent (BF%), free thyroxin (FT4), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein (LDL), fasting plasma levels of glucose (FPG) and insulin. Sex- specific cut offs of two metabolic indices i.e. the triglyceride-glucose (TyG) and the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) were used for IR diagnosis. The changes in TyG and HOMA were also compared after LRT.

Results: Participants were overt and subclinical hypothyroidism 71% and 29%, respectively. After LRT the mean values of the following anthropometric indices significantly decreased: weight (79.61 vs. 78.64), BMI (29.53 vs. 29.2), WC (98.25 vs. 97.39) and BF% (35.34 vs. 34.95). After LRT the HOMA and TyG had no significant changes relative to their initial values. Also, IR that was determined on the basis of these metabolic indices more commonly observed in participants.

Conclusion: Despite decreasing some anthropometric indices, the diagnosis of IR based on metabolic indices increased following 8 weeks LRT in hypothyroid cases.

Keywords:

Insulin resistance, hypothyroidism, anthropometric indices, TyG, HOMA, levothyroxine.

Affiliation:

Department of Internal Medicine, Student Research Committee, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Neuroscience Research Center, Department of Physiology, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Metabolic Disorders Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Department of Internal Medicine, Student Research Committee, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan

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