Mahsa Rahimzadeh, Hossein Montazerghaem, Sara A. Chegeni and Nadereh Naderi* Pages 400 - 408 ( 9 )
Background: Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has been demonstrated to provoke a systemic inflammatory response believed to be responsible for some of the serious postoperative complications such as renal dysfunction. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis suggesting that the serum levels of IL- 17A (IL-17), as an inflammatory cytokine, and its gene variants are associated with acute kidney injury after CPB (AKI-CPB).
Methods: A total of 135 Iranian patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass were included in this study, of whom 65 (48.1%) developed AKI. Blood specimens were collected preoperatively and at 12 hours postoperatively. The IL-17 gene polymorphisms (rs2275913 and rs3819024) were determined using sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP) technique.Pre- and postoperative IL-17 levels were measured and analyzed in relation to polymorphisms.
Results: IL-17 concentrations in CBP subjects, were increased after cardiopulmonary bypass (P<0.00001)but there were no statistically significant differences in IL-17 serum level between AKI and non-AKI groups. Different genotypes of IL-17 rs2275913 SNP (G→A) were associated with different circulating IL-17 levels before bypass and also after AKI development. There were no associations between gene polymorphisms (rs2275913and rs3819024) and incidence of AKI- CPB. There was an association between thers2275913 SNP and the severity of AKI.
Conclusion: This study clarified that the rs2275913 SNP to some extent determines plasma IL-17 concentrations in CPB patients. No significant association was found between IL-17 levels or gene polymorphisms (rs2275913and rs3819024) and incidence of AKI-CPB. Our results suggest that there is an association between rs2275913 and the severity of AKI- CPB.
Acute kidney injury, cardiac surgery, cardiopulmonary bypass, polymorphism, IL-17, inflammation.
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Cardiovascular Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas