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The Prevalence of Allergic Rhinitis among Iranian Children: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

[ Vol. 20 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Rasoul N. Kalmarzi, Pedram Ataee, Asadollah Fathollahpour, Masoud Behzadifar, Maryam Moradi, Faezeh Sharifian, Navid Kalani and Wesam Kooti*   Pages 189 - 197 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: The prevalence of allergic rhinitis in the world is 10-15%, and it is currently the most common chronic disease among children. There is no comprehensive statistics about the prevalence of allergic rhinitis among Iranian children, therefore, this systematic review and metaanalysis was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of allergic rhinitis among the Iranian children.

Methods: The present study was conducted based on Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) checklist. The data was collected using key words including allergic rhinitis, prevalence, epidemiology, child OR children, pediatrics and Iran, in international databases including PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane, Embase, and three national databases including Magiran, Iran Medex, and Scientific Information Databank (SID) till December 2018. The STROBE checklist was used for quality assessment. The data were analyzed using STATA software version 12.1.

Results: The prevalence of allergic rhinitis in children and adolescents were 18% (99.7% CI: 10-28% with publication bias of 0.174) and 25% (99.8% CI: 17-33 with publication bias of 0.617) respectively. The prevalence of allergic rhinitis in males was estimated to be 27% (99.4% CI: 17-36) with publication bias of 0.538 and in females was 23% (99.4% CI: 14-31) with publication bias of 0.926.

Conclusion: The prevalence of allergic rhinitis is approximately high among Iranian children and adolescents; thus, educational strategies should be considered to decrease the prevalence of this disease in Iran.

Keywords:

Prevalence, allergic rhinitis, children, iran, male, female.

Affiliation:

Lung Diseases and Allergy Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Liver and Digestive Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Lung Diseases and Allergy Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Health Management and Economics Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Lung Diseases and Allergy Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Lung Diseases and Allergy Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Research Center for Social Determinants of Health, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Lung Diseases and Allergy Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj

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