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Prevalence of Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamases in Multi-drug Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa from Diabetic Foot Patients

[ Vol. 19 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Faaiz ul Hassan, Muhammad Suhaib Qudus, Sheikh Arslan Sehgal, Jawad Ahmed, Momin Khan, Khayam ul Haq, Shahina Mumtaz, Muhammad Arshad and Sami Siraj*   Pages 443 - 448 ( 6 )

Abstract:


Introduction: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the major pathogens associated with the acute tissue damage in patients having Diabetic Foot Ulcer (DFU). The treatment of such infections can be an uphill battle due to the serious resistance to all the mainstay antibiotics, owing to overzealous production of Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamases (ESBLs). Pakistan also has a high prevalence of diabetes and complications related to it, however genetic disposition of the pathogens remains underinvestigated.

Aim: The main objective of the study was to determine the frequency of ESBLs in Multi-drug resistant P. aeruginosa from diabetic foot patients.

Methods: The duration of the present study was one year and 100 patients having DFU were enrolled. All the pus samples were subjected to the bacterial culture, gram staining, catalase test, oxidase test and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern to various antibiotics for the confirmation of P. aeruginosa. Of 23 positive isolates of P. aeruginosa, 10 were ESBLs positive as detected by double disk diffusion test. The positive ESBL strain shows an increase of ≥5mm in the zone of inhibition of the combination discs in comparison to the alone ceftazidime disc.

Results: The ESBLs positive strains were also tested for TEM-1, SHV-1, PER-1, and VEB-1, where: (07/10) strains carried SHV-1, (05/10) strains were positive for TEM-1, while none of the isolates were PCR-positive for PER-1 and VEB-1.

Conclusion: The findings of the current study show a difference in the pattern of ESBL genes compared to that of other such endeavors. The present study also warrants the PCR-based detection of the type of ESBL as a potential factor to consider in deciding the therapeutic strategy at any point during the treatment.

Keywords:

Diabetic foot infection, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, resistance genes, beta-lactamases, ESBL, MDR.

Affiliation:

Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, State Key laboratory of Membrane Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, Department of Bioinformatics and Biotechnology, International Islamic University Islamabad, Islamabad, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar

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