Mehmet E. Okur*, Derya C. Polat, Hanefi Ozbek, Sezen Yilmaz, Aysegul Yoltas and Rana Arslan Pages 489 - 501 ( 13 )
Background and Objective: This paper is focused on evaluating the various biological activities of C. ovata var. palaestina extracts which could beneficially influence diabetes and its complications.
Methods: Alloxan-induced diabetic BALB-c mice were administered intraperitoneally with 100, 300, 500mg/kg doses of ethanol and aqueous extracts of buds and fruits. Furthermore, HPLC, phenolic and flavonoid compounds analysis, ABTS and DPPH free radical scavenging activity, anti-inflammatory activity, agar well diffusion and MIC tests were carried out.
Results: Fruit-aqueous; 100mg/kg, 300mg/kg and bud-aqueous; 500mg/kg extracts showed significant hypoglycemic activity. All extracts indicated important antioxidant activity, however, bud-aqueous extract demonstrated the most potent activity. HPLC study exhibited that rutin is found in high amounts in bud-aqueous and bud-ethanol extracts. Furthermore, the bud-aqueous extract depicted stronger and broader antimicrobial activity than other extracts. Fruit-ethanol and bud-ethanol extracts denoted the most potent anti-inflammatory effect even though this effect was significantly shown by all extracts. Finally, high levels of phenolic and flavonoid content were involved in all extracts, but the highest levels were found in fruit-ethanol and bud-ethanol extracts.
Conclusion: The results showed that extracts which indicated hypoglycemic, antioxidant, antiinflammatory, antimicrobial activities may provide a valuable contribution to the management of diabetes and its complications.
Diabetes mellitus, C. ovata var. palaestina, hypoglycemic effect, antioxidant, antimicrobial, hyperglycemia.
Istanbul Medipol University, School of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacology, Istanbul, Ankara University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Ankara, Istanbul Medipol University, School of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology, Istanbul, Ankara University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Toxicology, Ankara, Ege University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biology, Fundamental and Industrial Microbiology Division, Bornova, Izmir, Anadolu University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacology, Eskisehir