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An Insight on the Pathogenesis and Treatment of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

[ Vol. 18 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Murtaza Ali, Chelapram K. Firoz, Nasimudeen R. Jabir, Mohd Rehan, Mohd S. Khan and Shams Tabrez*   Pages 110 - 123 ( 14 )

Abstract:


Background and Objective: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a diverse autoimmune disorder, evoked in response to self-immune system that leads to immune complex depositions and organ damage. The exact mechanism of SLE pathogenesis is still unclear but certain genetic and environmental factors have been suggested that could influence its pathogenesis.

Discussion: The modulation in B- and T- cell responses and genetic variations could lead to abnormal lymphocyte functions and the production of antibodies against the indigenous proteins and the immune complex depositions.

Conclusion: The present review highlights the various causatives of SLE, particularly the genetic alteration in B- and T-cell-related proteins. We have also delineated some of the available therapeutic strategies for the treatment of SLE.

Keywords:

Cytokines, inflammation, interferons, polymorphism, pathogenesis, systemic lupus erythematosus.

Affiliation:

Department of Biosciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, King Fahd Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, King Fahd Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, King Fahd Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Protein Research Chair, Department of Biochemistry, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, King Fahd Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah

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